Footwork

Footwork is related to all of the fundamental aspects of basketball previously listed in lesson five. It is also important that proper footwork is used throughout shooting, passing, defending, and rebounding in order to ensure that they are done correctly, as well as a violation of foul is not called. When footwork is discussed most people think of pivoting, which is when the player stands still with the ball, not dribbling and rotates around, stepping with one foot while the other foot stays stationary on the ground.

Pivoting is an important part of offense and is a move that can keep plays alive, even when they seem dead, or get a player out of a bad situation. When pivoting there are some important aspects to remember. One risk of pivoting is being called for a travel. Pivots are hard to officiate, and there is a possibility of being called for a travel, even when no travel occurred. In order to avoid this it is essential to educate players on knowing which foot is the correct pivot foot at which time. For example, if a player was dribbling, or catching a pass, whichever foot touches the ground first after that action is considered the pivot foot, it can not move.

However, if both feet are on the ground at the same time, the player can choose which foot is the pivot foot. If the player has not yet picked up their dribble, they can dribble, but they must do so before picking up their pivot foot. A violation of any of these rules would be a traveling violation. Pivoting can be used to escape a defender even after an offensive player picks up their dribble. For example, a player dribble drives toward the basket, but the defensive player cuts them off and the offensive player is forced to pick up their dribble. The offensive player can pivot away from the opposition to either create space for a shot, or to pass to a teammate. Pivoting can also be used in the triple threat position.

The triple threat position is referred to as such because it gives the offensive player three options to attack the defense, shoot, pass, or dribble. The triple threat position occurs after a player has received a pass, or off a rebound. When a player is in this position they can keep pressure on the defense because they are capable of attacking. The value of being in a triple threat position is shown when an offensive player picks up their dribble. When the dribble is picked up, defensive players usually try to pressure the ball and force a turnover. It would be beneficial to incorporate a pass heavy offensive tactic to keep players in triple threat as often as possible.

To make the most of the triple threat position, players should stay in an athletic stance. Players should also keep the ball at around waist height so there is an equal opportunity of both dribbling and shooting, which will help keep the defense on edge. Having sight of both teammates and the baskets will present the player with the best possible option when they decide to make their move.

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